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President  João Bernardo Vieira
President João Bernardo Vieira

Guinea Bissau

Former President of Guinea Bissau. He was assassinated on March 2, 2009 by the army.

More by user: fwitcher
Created: 15th Jun 2009
Modified: 15th Jun 2009
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After President Kumba Yalá was overthrown in September 2003 military coup, Vieira returned to Bissau from Portugal on 7 April 2005. Arriving in the city's main football stadium by helicopter, he was met by over 5,000 cheering supporters. Although Vieira's supporters had collected 30,000 signatures for a petition urging him to run for president, he did not immediately confirm his intention to do so, saying that he was returning "to re-establish [his] civic rights and to register to vote in the coming elections" and that he wanted to contribute to peace and stability. He also said that he had forgiven his enemies and that he hoped others would forgive him for any harm he had caused. On 16 April, it was announced that he intended to stand as a candidate in the June 2005 presidential election. Although many considered Vieira to be ineligible because he had been living in exile and because of legal charges against him pertaining to the 1985 killings of suspected coup plotters, he was cleared to stand in the election by the Supreme Court in May 2005, along with Yalá. The Court unanimously ruled in favor of his candidacy on the grounds that he had already ended his exile by returning in April and that no court records of the murder charges could be found. His old party, the PAIGC, backed former interim president Malam Bacai Sanhá as its candidate.

According to official results, Vieira placed second in the 19 June election with 28.87% of the vote, behind Malam Bacai Sanhá, and thus participated in the second round run-off. He officially defeated Sanhá in the run-off on 24 July with 52.45% of the vote and was sworn in as President on 1 October.

On 28 October 2005, Vieira announced the dissolution of the government headed by his rival Prime Minister Carlos Gomes Junior, citing the need to maintain stability; on 2 November he appointed his political ally Aristides Gomes to the position.

In March 2007, PAIGC formed a three-party alliance with the Party for Social Renewal (PRS) and the United Social Democratic Party (PUSD), and the three parties sought to form a new government. This led to a successful no-confidence vote against Aristides Gomes and his resignation late in the month; on 9 April, the choice of the three parties for the position of Prime Minister, Martinho Ndafa Kabi, was appointed as Prime Minister by Vieira. In Kabi's three-party government, Interior Minister Baciro Da Later, after PAIGC withdrew from the three-party alliance to protest Kabi's actions, Vieira dissolved the National People's Assembly and appointed Carlos Correia to replace Kabi as Prime Minister on 5 August 2008.


Rebellious soldiers attacked Vieira's home in the early hours of 23 November 2008, shortly after the November 2008 parliamentary election, in which PAIGC won a majority of seats. The soldiers fired artillery at the house and were able to enter it during a three-hour battle with Vieira's guards, but they were repelled before they could reach Vieira, who was unharmed. At least one of Vieira's guards was killed, and others were injured. Vieira held a press conference later in the day, in which he said that the attack had "a single objective – to physically liquidate me", while also asserting that "the situation is under control"

Biographical Information
President João Bernardo Vieira
(At a Glance)
Date of Birth: Apr/27/1939
Gender: male
Place of Origin: United States

He was the President of Guinea-Bissau from 1980 to 1999 and again from 2005 to 2009. After seizing power in 1980, Vieira ruled for 19 years, and he won a multiparty presidential election in 1994. He was ousted at the end of the 1998–1999 civil war and went into exile. He made a political comeback in 2005, winning that year's presidential election. Vieira was killed by soldiers on 2 March 2009, apparently in retaliation for a bomb blast that killed Guinea-Bissau's military chief General Batista Tagme Na Waie. The military officially denied these allegations after Army officials claimed responsibility for Vieira's death.

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People :  President João Bernardo Vieira

Former President of Guinea Bissau. He was assassinated on March 2, 2009 by the army.

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Author: tesseymurphy
Fri Feb 19 02:23:25 2010

This post was deleted because it contravenes AllAfrica's commenting guidelines.

Author: lucy.koneh
Sat Oct 30 18:56:48 2010

This post was deleted because it contravenes AllAfrica's commenting guidelines.

Author: glorybaby102
Fri Apr 1 02:06:44 2011

This post was deleted because it contravenes AllAfrica's commenting guidelines.

Author: KaparaK
Sun Jun 7 02:00:05 2009

This is what awaits the corrupt & heartless politicians in Nigeria. Ordinary folks have nothing to worry about the military juntas who are out to remedy the excesses of African civilian politicians. As Emperor Yar, today, turns the military guns on defenseless women and children in the Niger Delta, tomorrow, the same JTF will turn the same guns at him and his fellow looters in the NASS. Mark my words....the same way Shagari went, if he is lucky.

Author: Berre-wuleng
Sat Jun 6 08:26:54 2009

Poverty and lack of political awereness couple with self-fishness of the Bissau leadership is tearing apart what suspose to be a beautiful country. It is sadden to read about the mumerous irresponsible killings of people by the militry in the name of whatever they are claiming to protect/defend. Nino's return to Bissau was a big mistake and Bissua and its people will continue to pay the price for sometime, if the security council did not intervein to protect its citizen and if possible to disarm its bandits they call militry personals.

Author: spitfire
Mon Jun 15 02:12:12 2009

Violence has never solved African problems but at times it is necessary to show those that hang on to power and their associates that the people not fools.There comes a time when people get fed up with politics and require basic needs of survival.Just because the President died and you switched ships does not make you a saint.You were eating the same bread with the President and now join him at the same banquet.Good riddance!!!!!!The laws of the Serengeti have balanced the scales of Mother Nature.

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