Minister of Communications
* Minister of Communications in South Africa
* Member of the African National Congress (ANC) National Executive Committee since 1991.
* Matriculated from Orlando High School, Soweto (1969).
* Studied Bsc degree at University of Zululand (incomplete)
* Attended training at Civil Service College (1993).
* Attended Infantry Platoon Commander's Course in German Democratic Republic (1976).
* Attended 60mm Artillery course in German Democratic Republic (1976).
* Attended Abridged Brigade Commander's course in Moscow, Soviet Union (1985).
* Completed an Intelligence Course in German Democratic Republic (1986).
* Attended South African Army Senior Command and Staff Course (1996).
* Attended Joint Staff Course (1997).
* Recruiting Officer, ANC underground (1974 - 1976).
* Commander of Trainees, Training Platoon (1976).
* Commissar Transvaal Urban Operations, Transvaal Urban Machinery (1977 -1979).
* Commander Transvaal Urban Machinery (1979 - 1983).
* Chief of Staff Transvaal Command (Eastern Command) (1983 - 1986).
* Commander Border Operations, Swaziland (1986).
* Chairman Politico Military Committee (1986 - 1988).
* Deputy Head, Politico Military underground leadership in South Africa (1988 - 1990).
* Arrested (July - November 1990).
* Elected to National Executive Committee of the ANC (July 1991).
* Appointed Chief of Staff of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) (1992 - 1994).
* Co-Chairman of the Joint Military Co-ordinating Committee of the Transitional Executive Council (January - June 1994).
* Chief of Defence Force Staff, South African National Defence Force (SANDF) (June 1994 - December 1996).
* General Officer commanding Gauteng Command (January 1997 - April 1997).
* Deputy Chief of the SANDF (May 1997 - May 1998).
* Chief of the SANDF (May 1998 - May 2005.
* Military Merit Medal.
* Unitas Medal (commemorating the establishment of the SANDF).
Source: African National Congress