Deputy Minister of Transport
MP since 1999.
PC Transport Chairperson; Joint Committee on Ethics and Members' Interests.
ANC NEC; SACP Central Committee; SACP Deputy General Secretary; Exile Lusaka and London; UDF PEC Western Cape;Political activist; Political prisoner.
ANC NEC; ANC NEC Media Subcommittee; ANC NEC Economic Transformation Subcommittee.
Masters in Philosophy.
The Ideologies of Politics co-editor (Oxford University Press, 1975); 30 Years of the Freedom Charter with Raymond Suttner, (Ravan Press, 1985); Inside (Ravan Press, 1983); Even the Dead (Mayibuye Books and David Philip, 1997); Inside and Out (David Philip, 1999); Editor The African Communist (SACP ).
Poetry; literature; socialism.