Minister of Labour
* Minister of Labour of the Republic of South Africa since July 1998.
* Elder and Session Clerk of the Gugulethu Presbyterian Church (since 1980).
* Deputy Chairperson of the Parliamentary Scout Union of South Africa (since 1996).
* Primary Teachers Course, Lovedale, Alice (1970 - 1971).
* Primary Teachers Diploma, Goodhope College,Cape Town (1991 - 1993).
* BA Degree Majoring in Education and Xhosa, Unisa (1997).
* Teacher at Vukukhanye Primary School, Gugulethu, Cape Town (1972 - 1981).
* Assisted the Area Commissioner of the Boy's Scout Association of South Africa with training (1977 - 1982).
* Regional Organiser of the South Western African Teachers Association (SWATA) that later became Peninsula African Teachers Association (PENATA) (1980 - 1983).
* Deputy Secretary of Cape African Teachers Union (CATU) (1984 - 1985)
* Principal, Andile Primary School, New Crossroads, Cape Town (1982 - 1994).
* Founding member and Chairperson of the South African Democratic Teachers Union (SADTU) from 1985 - 1990.
* Vice-Chairperson of the Dorothy Zihlangu Branch of the African National Congress (ANC) in Gugulethu (1990 - 1992).
* Founding member and first president of South African Democratic Teachers Union (SADTU) (1990 - 1994).
* Chairperson of the Peninsula Region of the ANC (1998).
* Member of the National Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Education (1994 - 1998).
* Chairperson of the Constitutional Assembly Committee (Theme Committee Four) (1994 - 1996).
* Member of the Home Affairs Portfolio Committee (1994 - 1998).
* Whip of the Parliamentary Programming Committee (1995 - 1998).
* Western Cape Secretary (African Group Division).
* Disctrict Commissioner.
Source: Ministry of Labour