Paulin Hountondji born on 1942 at Abidjan, is a Beninese philosopher and politician.
Working primarily in:
Description of Work:
Hountondji was educated at the Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris, graduating in 1966, and taking his doctorate in 1970 (his thesis was on Edmund Husserl). After two years teaching in France and in the Congo Republic, he accepted a post at the National University of Benin in Cotonou, where he still teaches as Professor of Philosophy.
His academic career was interrupted, however, by a period spent in
politics. Having been a prominent critic of the military dictatorship
that had ruled his country, Hountondji became involved in Benin's
return to democracy (in 1992), and served in the government as Minister of Education and Minister for Culture and Communications until his resignation and return to the University in 1994.
He is currently director of the African Centre for Advanced Studies in Porto-Novo.
(At a Glance)
Interests: Art, Politique, Education
Place of Origin: Benin
Hountondji's philosophical influences include two of his teachers in Paris, Louis Althusser
and Jacques Derrida
. His reputation rests primarily on his critical work concerning the nature of African philosophy. His main target has been the ethnophilosophy
of writers such as Placide Tempels
and Alexis Kagame
. He argues that such an approach confuses the methods of anthropology
with those of philosophy, producing "a hybrid discipline without a
recognizable status in the world of theory" (, p.52). Part of the
problem stems from that fact that ethnophilosophy is in large part a
response to Western views of African thought; this polemical rôle works
against its philosophical validity.
His approach has widened somewhat in later work; he still rejects
ethnophilosophy as a genuine philosophical discipline, but he has moved
towards more of a synthesis of traditional African thought and rigorous
philosophical method. (source wikipedia)