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Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM)

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Organization Details

The Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) and its political wing, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) – known collectively as Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) – is a predominantly Christian Sudanese rebel movement turned political party.

Based in Southern Sudan, SPLA/M fought in the Second Sudanese Civil War against the Sudanese government from 1983 to 2005. In 1989, it joined the main opposition group in Sudan, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), which in January 2005 signed a Comprehensive Peace Agreement with the Sudanese government. SPLA/M has since had representatives in the Government of Sudan, as well as being the main constituent of the Government of the semi-autonomous Southern Sudan.

It was led by John Garang until his death on 30 July 2005. It is now led by Salva Kiir Mayardit who is also the President of Southern Sudan and Vice President of Sudan. In 2007, by presidential decree General Dominic Dim Deng, a national war hero, was appointed Minister for SPLA Affairs. The first political leader of the SPLA.

A year later General Dominic Dim lost his life, together with 21 other senior Officers, in a mysterious plane crash, in May 2008. Late Gen. Dominic Dim was praised for his strong ethics and principles, and in his efforts to transition the SPLA from a guerrilla army into a regular army. He was buried together with his wife, in a illustrious ceremony, in the SPLA General Headquerters, Juba.



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